Prometheus: scrap all Docker Swarm tasks

We have a server with Docker Swarm initialized. A few services are running on it. We need to scrap metrics to prometheus and we want it to use direct connection to the services without going through a load balancer.

I’ve spent a bunch of time figuring out how to do it, so here is a tutorial just for my future self.

There are several ways to scrap metrics with service discovery:

The first one doesn’t work well since Docker Swarm doesn’t expose SRV DNS records of services. I have no idea why, it sounds logic to do so. I would expose SRV DNS records.

The second one — docker_sd_config is less useful than dockerswarm_sd_config since it scans all the containers, even the containers that are not a part of swarm service.

dockerswarm_sd_config has a field called filters which just doesn’t work at all, I’ve tried several options such as label=x=y and label:x=y and all these combinations. Just doesn’t work.

So, the solution is to use relabel_configs and use action field to filter out services that don’t want to be scrapped.

There are other roles such as services and nodes, but we need tasks since a container is a task in the Docker Swarm dictionary.

  - job_name: 'swarm'
    scrape_interval: 1s
      - host: unix:///var/run/docker.sock
        role: tasks
       - source_labels: [__meta_dockerswarm_task_desired_state]
         regex: running
         action: keep
       - source_labels: [__meta_dockerswarm_service_label_metrics_job]
         regex: .+
         action: keep
       - source_labels: [__meta_dockerswarm_service_label_metrics_job]
         target_label: job
       - action: replace
         regex: (.+)
         - __meta_dockerswarm_service_label_metrics_path
         target_label: __metrics_path__
       - action: replace
         regex: ([^:]+)(?::\d+)?;(\d+)
         replacement: $1:$2
         - __address__
         - __meta_dockerswarm_service_label_metrics_port
         target_label: __address__

Note about ansible

Do not use container_labels to put labels on containers. Just use labels instead. I don’t know why, but container_labels aren’t scrapped at all for some reasons.

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